Enjoy Baekje, the birthplace of Hallyu.
Here are some of the top tourist attractions of Buyeo-gun, where the Baekje Cultural Festival is held.
Mt. Buso is a mountain in Buyeo with the altitude of 106m, extended throughout Ssangbuk-ri, Gwanbuk-ri and Gugyo-ri area, Buyeo-eup. It stands tall in the flat area. The east and north are steep and touch Baengmagang. The name of Mt. Buso first appears in King Sejong's Treatise on Geography. Buso means pine tree in Baekje language. There is a strong theory that Mt. Buso is ‘Solmoe’. Mt. Busa usually acted as the backyard of Baekje palace. During war, it kept the last of the capital Sabi. Some of the most famous sites on the mountain include Sajaru Pavilion, Baekhwajeong, Sajaru, Samchungsa Temple, Seoboksaji, Yeongillu Pavilion, Goransa Temple, Nakhwaam Rock, and Gunchangji. The mountain is known for its beauty and history. According to Samgukyusa, Nakhwaam is where the royal court women of Baekje jumped off to kill themselves when the kingdom of Baekje was defeated during the invasion of Sabiseong Fortress by the Shilla-Tang Alliance. The rock was later called Nakhwaam which literally means "the cliff of falling flowers". Joseon Scholar Song Siyeol wrote the name on the cliff, which still remains clearly. The cliff is seen well on the ship sailing on Baengmagang.
Five storied stone pagoda of Jeongnimsa Temple site is a pagoda built in the early 6th century when Baekje transferred its capital to Buyeo. The low, thin foundation, pillars in Beheullim Technique, and thin yet wide roofs stick to the basic formation of wooden building. However it is sophisticated and creative. The entire shape is grand and beautiful. Along with Iksan Mireuksaji Temple Stone Pagoda, it shows the characteristics of pagodas made in early Baekje. The organized form, grand yet sophisticated beauty show off the skills of Baekje artists. Many pagodas in Chungnam imitated the format of this pagoda. General So Jeongbang from Tang who destroyed Baekje by allying with Silla left a comment on the pagoda. It is a precious historical resource that conveys the situation of the time.
Gungnamji Lake is where the legend of Princess Seonhwa of Silla and King Mu takes place. Samguksaji records that “A pond was made to the south of the palace in March, and it drew fresh running water through a 20li-long pipeline. The pond has an island with a pavilion surrounded by willow trees on it to imitate Bangjangseonsan.” Looking at this record, it can be known that it is a royal garden made during King Mu’s reign. At the hill on the east of the pond, stereobate stone, roof tiles, and earthenware pieces were excavated, which hint that a palace was nearby. Gungnamji with the pavilion in the middle was the first garden to express the Taoist ideology. It shows that among the three states, Baekje most excelled at decorating gardens. All four seasons are beautiful. In July, thousands of lotus flower line up for Seodong Lotus Flower Festival. In October and November, the Goodtrae Chrysanthemum Festival takes place to display various artworks.
It is the royal tombs from Sabi period (538-660). It is locate right outside of eastern Naseong. With seven tombs in the center, a group of tombs are located on the east and on the west. There are three big groups of tombs. Looking at the size and the location, the tombs in the center are assumed to be the tombs of kings from the Sabi period. The location of tombs in the center matches the geographical features of propitious site for a grave that Feng-Shui suggests. There is a possibility that Feng-Shui ideology already existed during Baekje. Since the beginning of Japanese colonical era, 1915, the tombs were investigated several times. However there were barely any grave goods remaining. There were only some pieces of crown decorated with gold and lacquer. Recently, a temple site located in the valley between Naseong and the tombs was investigated for it was a temple to pray for the repose of the deceased. There, the gilt-bronze incense burner of Baekje (National Treasure No. 287) and stone sarira case with inscription of Changwang in Baekje (National Treasure No. 288) were excavated. It served as an opportunity to realize the excellence of Baekje culture.
Cheonjeongdae is a place with a story that shows one aspect of mountain spirit worship during Baekje. According to Samgukyusa, people wrote the name of prime minister candidates and place them here. They waited for a seal to be placed on one of the names and appointed the chosen one as the prime minister. For this reason, it was called ‘Jeongsaam’. Appointment of a prime minister is a very important event for the country, and this practice shows the ancient political idea of depending on god in making a big decision. Under Cheonjeongdae flows Baengma River, and you can see Joojangsan Fortress and Busosanseong Fortress, the center of Baekje capital, at once at this bedrock. There are numerous oddly formed rocks like Imgeum Rock and Sinha Rock. Near Cheonjeongdae, roof tiles including convex roof-end tiles with lotus flower pattern were found. It is assumed that there used to be a building here. Baekjebo (311m) of Geum River took ‘return of General Gyebaek’ as the theme to describe General Gyebaek who came back to protect Baengma River. At the floodgate is the image of General Gyebaek looking over the river on a horse. A multicultural space Geum River Cultural Center at Baekjebo are 4 river promotion zone, Geumg River special zone, and other spaces. At the observatory, you can have a great view of Baengma River.
The name Geum River was given because the silk-like river surrounds Buyeo, touching every corner. It reaches Buyeo and is called Baengma River (16km – Cheonjeongdae in Hoam-ri to Banjowon-ri). Following the river are Cheongjeongdae, Nakhwam Rock, Wangheungsa temple site, Gudurae, Subukjeong, and Jaondae. Under Baengma River Bridge, canoe and yacht class takes place every year from June to October. Canoe and yacht program offers fun, relaxing experience.
Since Baekje’s capital Buyeo was designated the special region for Baekje culture in 1993, this complex was prepared over 17 years from 1994 to 2010. It has Korea’s first reproduction of Baekje palace during the period of the Three States. Beam on the pillar structure of palace and temple, and the graceful and elegant dancheong are the representative construction style of Baekje. Realistic reproduction of buildings in Sabi based on artifacts and historical sites will help understanding the culture and history of Baekje. Not only Baekje Historical Cultural Center, but also Sabi palace and the famous temple Neungsa, residential culture village that shows the housing culture of each class, the initial royal palace Wiryeseong, and tombs display the life of Baekje, the great cultural country 1,400 years ago. Also Baekje Historical Cultural Center that opened in 2006 is the only museum on Baekje history. It has the permanent exhibition that shows the history and culture of Baekje at a glance as well as other exhibitions and education facility including the featured exhibition and i-Baekje trial room.
It is told that Muryangsa Temple is built by Beomilguksa (810-889) in the late Silla and reconstructed several times later. However, the actual year of foundation is unknown. At the end of Silla, an old monk Muyeomguksa (801-888) temporarily stayed here, and it was expanded in the Goryeo Dynasty. It is also where the genius poet Kim Siseup, who lived in seclusion all his life and criticizing Grand Prince Suyang for killing his cousin Danjong to become a king, spend his later days and passed away. Once in Joseon Dynasty, a famous monk Jinmuk stayed. During the Japanese Invasion of 1592, all buildings were burnt down, and the hall of Paradise was rebuilt later. And the name of Yeongsanjeon (Provincial Cultural Property No. 413) and Myeongbujeon (Provincial Cultural Property No. 389) are not found after the Japanese Only records on Geukrakjeon (Treasure No. 356) are found. Danganjiju (Provincial Cultural Property No. 57), Seokdeung (Treasure No. 233) and Seoktap (Treasure No. 185) take the style of early Goryeo, there for it is considered a temple from Goryeo Dynasty. There are other artifacts from the temple including Kim Siseup portrait (Treasure No. 1497) and Mireukbul painting in Muryangsa temple (Treasure No. 1265).
It is the filming set for Korea’s first drama on Baekje history Seodongyo. It was built on 10,000 pyeong land. In the open set are Baekje and Silla palace, palace village, Taehaksa, Haneuljae, and the downtown. Famous TV dramas like The Great Seer, The Legend, Gyebaek, and Joseon Shooter were filmed. The wide view of splendid scenary is as beautiful as a painting. Deokyong Reservoir that surrounds the set is a nice place for a morning walk – not too steep -that anyone can enjoy.
Mt. Seongheung Love Tree is a 400-year-old zelkova tree that has been designated as Buyeo-gun Local Relic No. 88. Seongheungsan Fortress built during the reign of King Dongseong surrounds the tree. Located in Seongheungsan Fortress (altitude of 240m), this zelkova tree is called the love tree. It can be easily identified from afar, thus it acts like a symbol for Mt. Seongheung. It is 22m in height and 125cm in circumference at breast height. It is assumed to be about 400 years old. Standing by this tree, you can see the entire Imcheon-myeon as well as Nonsan, Ganggyeong, Iksan, and Seocheon at a glance. It is where several scenes from the drama Seodongyo (2006; Hyeonjae Cho and Boyeong Lee), Korea’s first drama on Baekje history, was shoot. It is where Jangyi and Princess Seonhwa begin to have feelings for each other. It is where Jangyi builds a house for the princess who was thrown out of the place. It is where the scene on the relationship between annual ring and climate, and ondol were filmed. The beautiful last scene of KBS drama Great King Sejong (2008) where two characters stand by the big tree was filmed here. The set is a popular filming location for various dramas and films (Gyebaek, Iljimae, Scent of a Woman, Faith, and The Great Seer).